How to spot lies in communication
Liars are often encountered in life.
Your neighbor on the surface praises your garden fence as good-looking, but in fact she doesn’t look at it.
Other stores shouted discounts all over the store, but in fact only a few items had their prices cut.
Honorary Professor of Psychology, University of California, San Francisco, USA?
Ekman said: “Lies can happen between friends, teachers and students, husbands and wives, witnesses and juries, lawyers and clients, and businessmen and customers.
“Scientists who study lies say that most people scatter two lies every day.
Moreover, we are rarely caught because these falsehoods are usually trivial.
“I was stuck on the road just now.
“” You look good in that color.
“I just want to call you.
“Ekman has studied lies and scams for 40 years and has published several monographs.
He said: “Lying is an important characteristic of human society, and people should correctly understand the phenomenon of lying in social activities.
“Sometimes lying in good faith is still necessary.
How to Recognize Lies in Life In daily communication, how can we recognize each other’s lies.
Is it a lie that is absolutely irrelevant to the big picture or a lie with ulterior motives? Do they have anything in common?
Try the tricks developed by experts.
First listen to the sound.
Note that the pitch of the speaker’s voice has changed from usual?
For example, his voice is dumb or thick, which is usually not the case.
Voices similar to these changes indicate false suspicions.
Ekman tested the lie-telling ability of 509 test subjects at the University of San Francisco.
These include secret personnel, CIA and FBI agents, and college students.
Ten people in the video that they watched spoke, and it was necessary to tell that some were lying and some were telling the truth.
One of the ladies imagined herself looking at a bunch of flowers, called cute flowers full of praise.
Although she smiled as she spoke, several subjects found a strange hesitation in her voice, stiff speech, and stiff gestures.
A security staff member concluded that the woman was lying.
In fact, this lady is not looking at real flowers or slides played by the tester.
The personnel from the security department had the best performance, with a liar rate of 86%.
Although people change behaviors or expressions when they lie, abnormal changes in sound are particularly special.
This includes speaking more slowly and slowly, and even the rhythm of breathing.
Another trick proposed by experts is to watch the drifting eyes.
Many people understand the flickering eyes as a typical sign of lying, but it is more important to consider what is related to the eyes.
So experienced bridge players do not use their eyes easily.
Experts have found that if someone looks away when thinking about a difficult problem, this is understandable and does not mean lying.
However, when answering some easy-to-answer questions, flickering eyes appeared, which led to the suspect of lying.
Pay attention to the other party’s response to the topic in the conversation.
If someone encounters a topic that causes shame, it is difficult for him to keep his eyes on.
But when lying in good faith, people’s eyes will be more focused. You can’t tell whether you are lying by the expressions or movements of your body or part of your face, such as your eyes, nose, mouth, and hands.
Comprehensive consideration should be given to the speaker’s face, body, voice, and speed of speech to improve the accuracy of judgment.
First of all, we need to observe people’s various aspects of performance.
Familiar with the speaker’s normal behavior will definitely find clues to his lying.
For example, small changes in hand movements, differences in the number of changes in gestures, shrugging movements and the usual alternation.
Also pay attention to changes in posture and behavior at key points in your personality.
For example, the person who loves talking most often becomes speechless when he encounters key words; or the person who is usually quiet is becoming eloquent.
The subtle expressions of passing black people often reveal the true feelings and thoughts of the speaker.
These are completely different from the feelings and thoughts he pretends to be.
However, this transient expression, which is usually only 1/4 second, is difficult to capture.
Even trained polygraph experts, certain police officers, judges, lawyers, etc. cannot always be sure to identify this fleeting expression.
Sophisticated speakers always cover up lies with smiles and other expressions.
But false is always false, and lies will eventually reveal flaws.
What matters is not the number of laughs, but the quality of laughs.
A smirk is a skin smile, but a smile from the heart even requires the movement of the lips, and the cooperation of the muscles around the eyes.
The purpose of a smirk is to cover up fear, anger, sadness, or aversion.
If you are good at observation, you will polish the emotions implanted by the speaker.
I hope the guidance of the experts will help you analyze and see through the lies.
Today, much of our work and social life takes place online, and we are increasingly vulnerable.
White-collar criminals, perverts, scammers, identity thieves, and even terrorists surf the Internet at the same time as us.
Researchers at several universities are developing software that can detect lies in online communications such as text messages, emails, and chat rooms.
How to identify online lies Traditional lie detectors look for physiological signals of concern, some kind of sweat or a rapid pulse, but the online system checks only the liar’s language.
Jeff, associate professor of communications at the Department of Computing and Information Sciences at Cornell University?
“When looking at the language, we are looking at the tools of lying,” Hancock said.
“Hancock recently received a $ 680,000 replacement from the National Science Foundation for research on digital fraud.
He said there was growing evidence that the language of dishonest information was different from that of honest information.
For example, his host’s research found that deceptive emails averaged 28% more words than honest emails, and that there were more words related to tandem emotions than honest emails.
Hancock found that liars often used the first person excessively (the era word “I”, “we”), and a large number of third persons (called “he” and “them”).
This may be a subconscious means for the liar to keep himself away from the lie.
Even more surprising is that Hancock and his colleagues also found that lying subjects also exhibited unique language patterns.
For example, cheated people tend to use shorter sentences and ask more questions.
As a concise sentence: “I sent the paper yesterday” and the liar wrote: “The paper was sent yesterday.
“Also, liars rarely use alternative words such as” but “,” not “and” apart from “to avoid complication of the wording.
In order to identify the pattern of lies, Hancock developed a text message system at Cornell University, which allows users to deceive each text message they send.
The system has collected over a million text messages, about six percent of which meet the criteria for blatant lying.
Finally, the survey results will be compiled into software that analyzes “received text messages.”
Currently, researchers at Cornell University only study the lies of students and faculty.
Whether such a system can be upgraded to analyze “big” lies-information sent by certain fraud experts and terrorists-is unknown.
After all, the study shows that there are fewer lies in e-mail than in face-to-face conversations or phone calls, Hancock speculated, perhaps because someone didn’t want to write down the lies.
“Email generates multiple copies, which last longer than what was carved on the rock.”So, you need to choose your words more carefully.
What the Internet will soon create may be always lies and crappy excuses.